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Music video by Rihanna performing Take A Bow. YouTube view counts pre-VEVO: 66288884. (C) 2008 The Island Def Jam Music Group.
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A substitute teacher from the inner city refuses to be messed with while taking attendance.
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Music video by Taylor Swift performing Back To December. (C) 2011 Big Machine Records, LLC.
Music video by Adele performing Rolling In The Deep. (C) 2010 XL Recordings Ltd. #VEVOCertified on July 25, 2011. http://www.vevo.com/certified http://www.yo...
"Just One Last Time" feat. Taped Rai. Available to download on iTunes including remixes of : Tiësto, HARD ROCK SOFA & Deniz Koyu http://smarturl.it/DGJustOne...
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B1 Centauro with IFOR Markings.
|Type||Wheeled Tank Destroyer|
|Place of origin||Italy|
|Length||7.85 m (25 ft 9 in)|
|Width||2.94 m (9 ft 8 in)|
|Height||2.73 m (8 ft 11 in)|
|Crew||4 (commander, gunner, loader and driver)|
|Armor||Welded steel armoured hull|
|Suspension||Wheel 8 x 8|
|800 km (500 mi)|
|Speed||110 km/h (68 mph)|
The Centauro is a wheeled tank destroyer designed for light to medium territorial defense and tactical reconnaissance. It was developed by a consortium of manufacturers, the Società Consortile Iveco Fiat - Oto Melara (CIO). Iveco Fiat was tasked with developing the hull and propulsion systems while Oto Melara was responsible for developing the turrets and weapon systems.
The vehicle was developed in response to an Italian Army requirement for a tank destroyer with the firepower of the old Leopard 1 main battle tank then in service with the Italian Army but with greater strategic mobility. The main mission of the Centauro is to protect other lighter elements of the cavalry, using its good power-to-weight ratio, excellent range and cross country ability (despite the wheeled design) and computerized fire control system to accomplish this mission. Centauro entered production in 1991 and deliveries were complete by 2006.
The main armament consists of the Oto Melara 105 mm / 52 caliber gyro-stabilized high-pressure, low-recoil gun equipped with a thermal sleeve and an integrated fume extractor, with 14 ready rounds in the turret and another 26 rounds in the hull. The gun can fire standard NATO ammunition, including APFSDS (Armour Piercing Fin-Stabilized Discarding Sabot) rounds.
Aiming is provided by Galileo Avionica TURMS fire control system (the same fitted to the Italian Ariete tank) and is equipped with a muzzle referencing system and a fully digital ballistic computer. The gunner sight is fully stabilized and comes equipped with a thermal imager and laser rangefinder. The commander's station is equipped with a panoramic stabilized sight, an image intensifying night sight and a monitor displaying the image from the gunner's thermal sight. This allows Centauro to engage stationary or moving targets while stationary or on the move, in day or night.
The Centauro hull is an all-welded steel armoured hull which is designed to withstand in the baseline configuration 14.5 mm bullets and shell fragments with protection against 25 mm munition on the frontal section. Protection can be increased by the addition of bolt on appliqué armour which increases protection against 30 mm rounds.
The Centauro is also equipped with an NBC (Nuclear, Chemical and Biological) warfare protection system which is integrated with the vehicle's air conditioning system. The vehicle is also equipped with a four-barreled smoke grenade launcher mounted on each side of the turret and a laser warning receiver.
Centauro is powered by an Iveco V6 turbo-charged after-cooled diesel engine delivering 512 hp (382.2 kW). This drives a ZF-designed automatic transmission which is manufactured under license by Iveco Fiat. The transmission system has five forward and two reverse gears. This drives 8 wheels which are each equipped with an independent suspension system and is furthermore equipped with run-flat inserts and a Central Tyre Inflation System (CTIS). Braking is provided by 8 disc brakes. Steering is provided on the first and second axles and at slow speed with also the fourth axle. Together, this allows Centauro to achieve road speeds in excess of 100 km/h, negotiate gradients up to 60%, ford water up to a depth of 1.5m without preparation, and have a turning radius of 9m.
Combat history 
Centauro was deployed in the former Yugoslavia and Somalia, where the design proved successful. Centauro was usually employed to escort motor convoys, for wide area control and for road patrols. Centauros were also deployed during operation Antica Babilonia, the Italian involvement in the Iraq War. During this operation, a Centauro troop took part in the battle for the bridges of Nassiriya, destroying a building where snipers were hiding. It is currently deployed as part of UNIFIL forces in Lebanon.
- Centauro Reconnaissance Anti-Tank Variant:
- The baseline variant.
- Centauro 120 mm
- A Centauro with a low recoil 120/45 cannon, in newly designed turret and with new composite armour that can resist up to 40mm APFSDS rounds on the front.
- Freccia (Wheeled Infantry Fighting Vehicle)
- This Centauro up-armoured and revised variant is fitted with the Hitfist Plus turret (an evolution of that used on the Dardo IFV), which is armed with the Oerlikon KBA 25mm automatic cannon and carries 200 rounds of 25mm ammunition. Two 7.62mm NATO machine guns are also fitted. The vehicle can be further armed with a pair of Spike ML/LR anti-tank missiles, and eight 80mm smoke grenade launchers. The fire control system is the same as for the reconnaissance / anti-tank version. This variant is crewed by a crew of three which consists of a gunner, driver and commander, and can further carry an additional eight combat-ready troops. 249 units of the different types have been ordered by Italian government in 2006.
Italian army ordered a prototype of the 120mm variant, with improved armour. The first trials are expected in 2012.
An early prototype, armed with a 155x39 gun, is seen at the national Italian holiday of 2nd of June ( 2011).
A known AAA and c-ram prototype version, called " Draco", is armed with a 76mm automatic cannon, and with Strales directional ammunition system.
A 125mm gun-armed version is being tested by the Russian army, alongside the standard 105mm-armed version.
- Italian Army
- 400 Centauro Reconnaissance Anti-Tank Variant (around 100 vehicles from the first batches retired)
- 249 VBM Freccia (172 standard, 36 combat anti-tank, 20 command center and 21 mortar carrier on order)
- 4 VBM Freccia Ambulance Variant
- Spanish Army
- 84 Centauro Reconnaissance Anti-Tank Variant
- 4 VBM Freccia Recovery Variant
- Royal Army of Oman
- 6+3 Centauro 120 mm Variant (option for further 24)
- US Army
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Centauro tank destroyer|
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