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Flight Airspeed Record Images
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An air speed record is the highest airspeed attained by an aircraft of a particular class. The rules for all official aviation records are defined by Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI), which also ratifies any claims. Speed records are divided into multiple classes with sub-divisions. There are three classes of aircraft: landplanes, seaplanes, and amphibians; then within these classes, there are records for aircraft in a number of weight categories. There are still further sub-divisions for piston-engined, turbojet, turboprop, and rocket-engined aircraft. Within each of these groups, records are defined for speed over a straight course and for closed circuits of various sizes carrying various payloads. There are still further records for the speed between specified cities such as London and New York.
|17 December 1903||Wilbur Wright||6.82||10.98||Wright Flyer||Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, US|
|1905||Wilbur Wright||37.85||60.23||Wright Flyer III|
|12 November 1906||Alberto Santos-Dumont||25.65||41.292||14-bis||Bagatelle Castle, Paris||First officially recognized airspeed record|
|26 October 1907||Henry Farman||32.73||52.700||Voisin biplane|||
|25 May 1909||Paul Tissandier||34.04||54.810||Wright|||
|23 August 1909||Glenn Curtiss||43.367||69.821||Curtiss No. 2||1909 Gordon Bennett Cup, Reims, France|||
|24 August 1909||Louis Blériot||46.160||74.318||Blériot XI|||
|28 August 1909||Louis Blériot||47.823||76.995||Blériot XI|||
|23 April 1910||Hubert Latham||48.186||77.579||Antoinette|||
|10 July 1910||Léon Morane||66.154||106.508||Blériot|||
|29 October 1910||Alfred Leblanc||68.171||109.756||Blériot XI|||
|12 April 1911||Alfred Leblanc||69.442||111.801||Blériot Blériot|||
|11 May 1911||Edouard Nieuport||73.385||119.760||Nieuport|||
|12 June 1911||Alfred Leblanc||77.640||125.000||Blériot|||
|16 June 1911||Edouard Nieuport||80.781||130.057||Nieuport|||
|21 June 1911||Edouard Nieuport||82.693||133.136||Nieuport Nie-2 N|||
|13 January 1912||Jules Vedrines||87.68||145.161||Deperdussin Monocoque|||
|22 February 1912||Jules Vedrines||100.18||161.290||Deperdussin Monocoque|||
|29 February 1912||Jules Vedrines||100.90||162.454||Deperdussin Monocoque|||
|1 March 1912||Jules Vedrines||103.62||166.821||Deperdussin Monocoque|||
|2 March 1912||Jules Vedrines||104.29||167.910||Deperdussin Monocoque|||
|13 July 1912||Jules Vedrines||106.07||170.777||Deperdussin Monocoque|||
|9 September 1912||Jules Vedrines||108.14||174.100||Deperdussin Monocoque|||
|17 June 1913||Maurice Prévost||111.69||179.820||Deperdussin Monocoque|||
|27 September 1913||Maurice Prévost||119.19||191.897||Deperdussin Monocoque|||
|29 September 1913||Maurice Prévost||126.61||203.850||Deperdussin Monocoque|||
|1914||Norman Spratt||134.5||216.5||Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.4|
|August 1918||Roland Rohlfs||163||262.3||Curtiss Wasp||Not officially recognised.|
|1919||Joseph Sadi-Lecointe||191.1||307.5||Nieuport-Delage 29v||Not officially recognised.|
|8 February 1920||Joseph Sadi-Lecointe||171.0||275.264||Nieuport-Delage NiD 29||Villacoublay, France.|| First official record post World War 1.|
|28 February 1920||Jean Casale||176.1||283.464||Spad-Herbemont||Villacoublay, France|||
|9 October 1920||Bernard de Romanet||181.8||292.682||Spad-Herbemont||Buc, France|||
|10 October 1920||Joseph Sadi-Lecointe||184.3||296.694||Nieuport-Delage 29|||
|20 October 1920||Joseph Sadi-Lecointe||187.9||302.529||Nieuport-Delage 29|||
|4 November 1920||Bernard de Romanet||191.9||309.012||Spad S.20||Buc, France|||
|12 December 1920||Joseph Sadi-Lecointe||194.4||313.043||Nieuport-Delage 29|||
|26 September 1921||Joseph Sadi-Lecointe||205.2||330.275||Nieuport-Delage|||
|13 October 1922||Billy Mitchell||222.88||358.836||Curtiss R||Detroit|||
|18 October 1922||Billy Mitchell||224.28||360.93||Curtiss R-6|||
|15 February 1923||Joseph Sadi-Lecointe||232.91||375.00||Nieuport-Delage||Istres|||
|29 March 1923||Russell Maughan||236.587||380.74||Curtiss R-6|||
|2 November 1923||H. J. Rowe||259.16||417.07||Curtiss R2C-1|||
|4 November 1923||Alford J. Williams||266.59||429.02||Curtiss R2C-1|||
|11 November 1924||Florentin Bonnet||278.37||448.171||Bernard-Ferbois V.2|||
|4 November 1927||Mario de Bernardi||297.70||479.290||Macchi M.52 seaplane||Venice||Database ID 11828 |
|30 March 1928||Mario de Bernardi||318.620||512.776||Macchi M.52bis seaplane||Venice||Database ID 11827 |
|July 1929||Giuseppe Motta||362.0||582.6||Macchi M.67 seaplane||Unofficial|
|10 September 1929||George H. Stainforth||336.3||541.4||Gloster VI seaplane||Calshot||Database ID 11829|
|12 September 1929||Augustus Orlebar||357.7||575.5||Supermarine S.6 seaplane||Calshot||Database ID 11830 |
|13 September 1931||George H. Stainforth||407.5||655.8||Supermarine S.6B seaplane||Lee-on-the-Solent||Database ID 11831 |
|10 April 1933||Francesco Agello||423.6||682.078||Macchi M.C.72 seaplane||Desenzano del Garda||Database ID 11836 |
|23 October 1934||Francesco Agello||440.5||709.209||Macchi M.C.72 seaplane||Desenzano del Garda||Database ID 4497 |
|1935||Howard Hughes||352||566||Hughes H-1 Racer landplane||Not an Official FAI record|
|26 April 1939||Fritz Wendel||469.220||755.138||Me 209 V1||Augsburg||Piston-engined record until 1969|
|1941||Heini Dittmar||623.65||1003.67||Messerschmitt Me 163A V4||Peenemünde||Rocket powered – Not an Official FAI record but over the 3 km FAI distance|
|1944||Heinz Herlitzius||624||1004||Messerschmitt Me 262 S2||Leipheim||Not an Official FAI record |
|1944||Heini Dittmar||702||1130||Messerschmitt Me 163B V18||Lagerlechfeld||Rocket powered – Not an Official FAI record |
|7 November 1945||H. J. Wilson||606.4||975.9||Gloster Meteor F Mk4||Herne Bay, UK|||
|7 September 1946||Edward Mortlock Donaldson||615.78||990.79||Gloster Meteor F Mk4||Littlehampton, UK|||
|19 June 1947||Col. Albert Boyd||623.74||1003.60||Lockheed P-80R Shooting Star||Muroc, California, US|||
|20 August 1947||Cmdr. Turner Caldwell||640.663||1031.049||Douglas Skystreak||Muroc, California, US|||
|25 August 1947||Major Marion Eugene Carl USMC||650.796||1047.356||Douglas Skystreak||Muroc, California, US|||
|14 October 1947||Chuck Yeager||670.0||1078||Bell X-1||Muroc, California, US||Rocket powered – Not an official FAI C-1 record|
|15 September 1948||Maj. Richard L. Johnson, USAF||670.84||1079.6||North American F-86A-3 Sabre||Cleveland, US|||
|18 November 1952||J. Slade Nash||698.505||1,124.13||North American F-86D Sabre||Salton Sea, US|||
|16 July 1953||William Barnes||715.745||1,151.88||North American F-86D Sabre||Salton Sea, US|||
|7 September 1953||Neville Duke||727.6||1,171||Hawker Hunter F Mk3||Littlehampton, UK|||
|26 September 1953||Mike Lithgow||735.7||1,184||Supermarine Swift F4||Castel Idris, Tripoli, Libya|||
|3 October 1953||James B. Verdin, US Navy||752.9||1,211.5||Douglas F4D Skyray||Salton Sea, US|||
|29 October 1953||Frank K. Everest USAF||755.1||1,215.3||North American F-100 Super Sabre||Salton Sea, US|
|From this point records are set at altitude and not sea level.|
|20 August 1955||Horace A. Hanes||822.1||1,323||North American F-100C Super Sabre||Palmdale, US|
|10 March 1956||Peter Twiss||1,132||1,822||Fairey Delta 2||Chichester, UK|||
|12 December 1957||USAF||1,207.6||1,943.5||McDonnell F-101A Voodoo||Edwards Air Force Base, US|||
|18 May 1958||Cap. WW Irwin, USAF||1,404||2,259.5||Lockheed F-104C Starfighter||Edwards Air Force Base, US|
|31 October 1959||Col. Georgii Mosolov||1,484||2,388||Ye-66 (Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21)||USSR|||
|15 December 1959||Maj. Joseph Rogers, USAF||1,525.9||2,455.7||Convair F-106 Delta Dart||Edwards Air Force Base, US|
|22 November 1961||Robert G. Robinson, US Navy||1606.3||2585.1||McDonnell-Douglas F-4 Phantom II||Edwards Air Force Base, US|||
|7 July 1962||Col. Georgii Mosolov||1665.9||2681||Mikoyan Gurevich Ye-166 – name adopted for the record attempt, originally a version of a Ye-152||USSR|||
|1 May 1965||Robert L. Stephens
and Daniel Andre
|2,070.1||3,331.5||Lockheed YF-12A||Edwards AFB, US|||
|28 July 1976||Capt. Eldon W. Joersz and Maj. George T. Morgan||2,193.2||3,529.6||Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird #61-7958||Beale AFB, US|||
Official records versus unofficial 
The Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird holds the official Air Speed Record for a manned airbreathing jet aircraft with a speed of 3,530 km/h (2,193 mph). It was capable of taking off and landing unassisted on conventional runways. The record was set on 28 July 1976 by Eldon W. Joersz and George T. Morgan Jr. near Beale Air Force Base, California, US.
Although the official record for fastest piston-engined aeroplane in level flight is held by a Grumman F8F Bearcat, the Rare Bear, with a speed of 528.31 mph (850.24 km/h), the unofficial record for fastest piston-engined aeroplane in level flight is a held by a British Hawker Sea Fury at 547 mph (880 km/h). Whereas these were both demilitarised, modified fighters, the fastest piston-engined aeroplane in stock (original, factory-built) condition was the German Dornier Do 335 Pfeil, with a maximum speed of 474 mph (765 km/h) in level flight. The unofficial record for fastest piston-engined aeroplane (not in level flight) is held by a Supermarine Spitfire Mk IXX, which was calculated to have achieved a speed of 690 mph (1,110 km/h, Mach 0.96) in a dive on 5 February 1952.
For a period of time, during and immediately following World War II, the unpublicised and unofficial speed record of 1004.5 km/h (623.8 mph) set by the Messerschmitt Me 163AV4 (the third prototype) rocket aircraft, on 2 October 1941 was actually the fastest velocity any aircraft had been measured as traveling to that time. That figure, set during wartime when no records were being ratified, was achieved by the Me 163A V4 at altitude rather than sea-level as it had been towed by a Bf 110 to set the record. Many record attempts were stated as being "set" after World War II by such aircraft as the Gloster Meteor, which exceeded the 755 km/h (469 mph) velocity record of the pre-war holder (the Messerschmitt Me 209 V1 piston-engined aircraft) but the first to actually exceed the Me 163 A V4 claim was the Douglas Skystreak on 20 August 1947.
The fastest manned atmospheric vehicle of all time was the Apollo Command Module as it returned from the moon, reaching speeds of around Mach 30. Although it used the air largely as a brake, it did also achieve a lift to drag ratio of around 0.368 which was used to control the flight trajectory. However this is probably very different from most people's idea of an 'aircraft'.
Other air speed records 
|1967||William 'Pete' Knight||4,519||7,274||North American X-15||Rocket plane; incapable of breathing air|
|April 1981 - July 2011||Multiple||17,500||28,000||Space Shuttle||Speed attained during atmospheric reentry|
|11 August 1986||John Egginton||249.1||400.87||Westland Lynx 800 G-LYNX||Fastest helicopter|
|31 December 1988||L.P. Krantov||258.8||415||Tupolev Tu-134A||Fastest landing speed record (76 passengers aboard, no one harmed)|
|21 August 1989||Lyle Shelton||528||850||F8F Bearcat Rare Bear||Fastest straight-line piston-engined aircraft|
|16 November 2004||Unmanned||7,546||12,144||NASA X-43A||Air-launched hypersonic scramjet|
|22 December 2006||Klaus Ohlmann & Matias Garcia Mazzaro||190.6||306.8||Schempp-Hirth Nimbus-4DM||Fastest glider (sailplane) over 500km|
|15 September 2010||Kevin Bredenbeck||299||481||Sikorsky X2||Fastest compound helicopter (unofficial)|
|12 June 2009||Robin Shrestha||155||250||SkySpark||Fastest electric only aircraft|
See also 
- FAI Web sie Accessed 25 January 2011
- Cooper Flight 25 May 1951, p. 619.
- Bowers 1979, pp. 37–38
- Bowers 1979, p. 140.
- The Royal Aero Club of the U.K.:Official Notices to Members". Flight, 16 December 1920. p. 1274.
- "Speed Records in France". Flight, 4 March 1920.
- "Meeting at Buc". Flight, 14 October 1920, pp. 1090–1091.
- "De Romanet Breaks Records". Flight, 11 November 1920, p. 1166.
- "Some Records Homologated". Flight, 3 November 1921, p. 710.
- Flight 7 February 1924, p. 75.
- Bowers 1979, pp. 232–233.
- "American World's Speed Record Homologated". Flight, 11 January 1923, p. 26.
- Bowers 1979, p.233.
- "Records Homologated". Flight, 28 June 1923, p. 356.
- Bowers 1979, p. 235.
- Flight. 27 December 1923, p.776.
- Robertson, F.A. de V. "The Attempt on the World's Speed Record". Flight, 8 November 1928, pp. 965–967.
- James 1971, p.188.
- Andrews and Morgan 1987, p.194.
- Andrews and Morgan 1987, p. 201.
- Taylor 1965, p. 346.
- Ferdinand C.W. Käsmann, Die schnellsten Jets der Welt p.122 ISBN 3-925505-26-1, 1994
- Heini Dittmar
- Wolfgang Späte, Der streng geheime Vogel Me 163 p.32,33 ISBN 3-89555-142-2, 1983
- Ferdinand C.W. Käsmann Die schnellsten Jets der Welt p.122 ISBN 3-925505-26-1, 1994
- Mason 1992, p. 340.
- Young, James O. (2007). "Milestones in Aerospace History at Edwards AFB" (PDF). Air Force Flight Test Center History Office. Retrieved 14 July 2008.
- Francillon 1979, p.438.
- Jackson, Robert (1994). F-86 Sabre: The Operational Record. Smithsonian Institution Press.
- Allward 1978, p. 24.
- Allward 1978, pp. 24–25.
- Mason 1992, p. 370.
- Mason 1992, p. 366.
- Francillon 1979, p.476.
- Taylor 1974, p. 432.
- Francillon 1979, p. 544.
- Belyakov and Marmain 1994, pp. 298, 300.
- Francillon 1979, p. 572.
- Belyakov and Marmain 1994, pp. 274–275.
- Taylor 1976, p. 72.
- Taylor 1988, p. .
- "Current air speed record". Retrieved 18 October 2006.
- Hillje, Ernest R., "Entry Aerodynamics at Lunar Return Conditions Obtained from the Flight of Apollo 4 (AS-501)," NASA TN D-5399, (1969).
- Fastest Plane in the World: X-15
- FAI rotorcraft absolute record
- Л.Л. Селяков. "Человек, среда, машина" Самолет Ту-134А №65011
- FAI web-site - Accessed 25 Jan 2011
- Croft, John (15 September 2010). "Sikorsky X2 hits 250kt goal". Flight International. Retrieved 16 September 2010.
- Grady, Mary (June 2009). "Italian Electric Airplane Reaches 155 MPH". Retrieved 18 June 2009.
- DigiSky Srl (June 2009). "250 km/h: 100% eco-friendly aircraft sets world record". Retrieved 18 June 2009.
- Allward, Maurice. Modern Combat Aircraft 4: F-86 Sabre. London: Ian Allan, 1978. ISBN 0-7110-0860-4.
- Andrews, C.F. and E.B. Morgan. Supermarine Aircraft since 1914. London:Putnam, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-800-3.
- Belyakov, R.A. and J. Marmain. MiG: Fifty Years of Secret Aircraft Design. Shrewsbury, UK:Airlife, 1994. ISBN 1-85310-488-4.
- Bowers, Peter M. Curtiss Aircraft 1907–1947. London:Putnam, 1979. ISBN 0-370-10029-8.
- Cooper, H.J. "The World's Speed Record". Flight, 25 May 1951, pp. 617–619.
- "Eighteen Years of World's Records". Flight, 7 February 1924, pp. 73–75.
- Francillon, René J. McDonnell Douglas Aircraft since 1920. London:Putnam, 1979. ISBN 0-370-00050-1.
- James, Derek N. Gloster Aircraft since 1917. London:Putnam, 1971. ISBN 0-370-00084-6.
- Mason, Francis K. The British Fighter since 1912. Annapolis Maryland, US: Naval Institute Press, 1992. ISBN 1-55750-082-7.
- Taylor, H. A. Fairey Aircraft since 1915. London:Putnam, 1974. ISBN 0-370-00065-X.
- Taylor, John W. R. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1965–66. London:Sampson Low, Marston & Company, 1965.
- Taylor, John W. R. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1976–77. London:Jane's Yearbooks, 1976. ISBN 0-354-00538-3.
- Taylor, John W. R. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1988–89. Coulsdon, UK:Jane's Defence Data, 1988. ISBN 0-7106-0867-5.
- web site of the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI)
- Speed records time line
- Speed Record Club - The Speed Record Club seeks to promote an informed and educated enthusiast identity, reporting accurately and impartially to the best of its ability on record-breaking engineering, events, attempts and history.