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Music video by Rihanna performing Rehab. YouTube view counts pre-VEVO: 19591123. (C) 2007 The Island Def Jam Music Group.
Go to RoosterTeeth.com for all of season 8 of RvB!
Download this song: http://bit.ly/EpicRap7 New ERB merch: http://bit.ly/MNwYxq Tweet this Vid-ee-oh: http://clicktotweet.com/TpUg9 Hi. My name is Nice Peter,...
Macklemore & Ryan Lewis present the official music video for Can't Hold Us feat. Ray Dalton. Can't Hold Us on iTunes: https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/cant-...
Learn Magic at http://www.penguinmagic.com Instagram: http://instagram.com/themagicofrahat Twitter: http://twitter.com/magicofrahat Facebook Group: http://ww...
This video accidentally turned out kind of sad, ME SO SOWWY IT NOT POSED TO BE SAD WHO WANTS HUGS AND COOKIES? Also, FYI for anyone attempting this, it takes...
Music video by Rihanna performing Pon de Replay. YouTube view counts pre-VEVO: 4166822. (C) 2005 The Island Def Jam Music Group.
"Just One Last Time" feat. Taped Rai. Available to download on iTunes including remixes of : Tiësto, HARD ROCK SOFA & Deniz Koyu http://smarturl.it/DGJustOne...
So i was pretty hesitant to make this video... but after all of your request, here is my Draw My Life video! Check out my 2nd Channel for more vlogs: http://...
Buy on iTunes: http://www.Smarturl.it/TTT Amazon: http://idj.to/svJVGM Music video by Rihanna performing Where Have You Been. ©: The Island Def Jam Music Group.
|Country of origin|| Thailand
|Variants||Original, Sugarfree, Cola, Total Zero, Red Edition, Blue Edition, Silver Edition, F1 Edition|
|Related products||Red Bull Cola, Red Bull Energy Shot, Red Bull Sugar-Free, Red Bull Total Zero, Red Bull Racing, Red Bull Racing Team|
Red Bull is an energy drink sold by Austrian company Red Bull GmbH, created in 1987. In terms of market share, Red Bull is the most popular energy drink in the world, with 4.6 billion cans sold in 2011.
Austrian entrepreneur Dietrich Mateschitz was inspired by a pre-existing energy drink named Krating Daeng (Thai: กระทิงแดง, Thai pronunciation: [kràtʰiŋ dɛːŋ]), which was first invented and sold in Thailand. He took this idea, modified the ingredients to suit the tastes of westerners, and, in partnership with Chaleo Yoovidhya, founded Red Bull GmbH in Austria. In Thai, daeng means red, and krating is the reddish-brown bovine called a "gaur", which is an animal slightly larger than the bison. Red Bull is sold in a tall and slim blue-silver can; in Thailand and in some parts of Asia it is sold in a wider gold can with the name of Krating Daeng or Red Bull Classic. The two are different products, produced separately.
The company slogan is "Red Bull gives you wings" and the product is marketed through advertising, events (Red Bull Air Race, Red Bull Crashed Ice), sports team ownerships (Red Bull Racing, Scuderia Toro Rosso, EC Red Bull Salzburg, FC Red Bull Salzburg, Red Bull New York, RB Leipzig, Red Bull Brasil), celebrity endorsements, and music, through its record label Red Bull Records.
Red Bull has been the target of criticism concerning the possible health risks associated with the drink. A study by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) concluded that in the levels used in popular energy drinks, like Red Bull, taurine and glucuronolactone are safe.
Chaleo Yoovidhya, the self-made Thai billionaire founded T.C. Pharmaceuticals. In 1976, it was first introduced in Thailand under brand called Krating Daeng, or Red Bull in English. It was popular among Thai truck drivers and laborers.
Chaleo then co-founded a company in 1984 with an Austrian partner who helped turn Red Bull into a global brand. The creation of Red Bull was inspired by the tonic drinks category of Japan and a drink in Thailand called Krating Daeng. Dietrich Mateschitz, an Austrian entrepreneur, developed the Red Bull Energy Drink brand. Mateschitz was the international marketing director for Blendax, a toothpaste company, when he visited Thailand in 1982 and discovered that Krating Daeng helped to cure his jet lag. Between 1984 and 1987, Mateschitz worked with TCBG Pharmaceutical (a Blendax licensee) to adapt a flavor and marketing strategy for the European market.
At the same time Mateschitz and Chaleo Yoovidhya founded Red Bull GmbH; each investing $500,000 of savings and taking a stake in the new company. Chaleo and Dietrich each held a 49% share of the new company. They gave the remaining 2% to Chaleo's son Chalerm, but it was agreed that Mateschitz would run the company. The product was launched in 1987 in Austria, in a carbonated format.
In 1992, the product expanded to international markets: Hungary and Slovenia. It entered the United States via California in 1997 and the Middle East in 2000. In 2008, Forbes magazine listed both Chaleo and Mateschitz as the 250th richest people in the world with an estimated net worth of $4 billion.
Red Bull contains caffeine, taurine, glucuronolactone, B-group vitamins, sucrose, and glucose. Red Bull Sugarfree is like Red Bull Energy Drink, but without sugar. The sugars sucrose and glucose have been replaced by the sweeteners acesulfame K and aspartame/sucralose.
Red Bull is sold in China in two versions: a regular-strength version in a short, wide, gold-and-red can; and an "extra-strength" version in a taller, thinner, blue-and-silver can more like the cans sold in western countries. Neither version is carbonated.
Typical ingredients like caffeine, taurine and glucuronolactone have been assessed by health authorities for their safety. Health Canada conducted a review of the scientific literature on caffeine concluding that the general population of healthy adults is not at risk for potential adverse effects from caffeine if they limit their consumption to 400 mg per day.
Taurine and glucuronolactone are normal body constituents and also naturally present in the human diet (e.g. scallops, fish, poultry and grain respectively). The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) in its January 2009 opinion on the safety of energy drink ingredients concluded that the exposure to taurine and glucuronolactone at the levels presently used in energy drinks is not of safety concern.
A review published in 2008 found no documented reports of negative or positive health effects associated with the amount of taurine used in energy drinks, including Red Bull. Caffeine and sugar levels in Red Bull are comparable to coffee and fruit juices, respectively. Another publication found that "the number of available publications that really go into the details in this topic is also rather poor".
The caffeine of a single can of Red Bull is 80 mg/250 ml (32 mg/100 ml). This is about the same as a normal coffee, or slightly less depending on the brewing method. The actual caffeine level in Red Bull can vary depending on country, as some countries have legal restrictions on how much caffeine is allowed in drinks. As is the case with other caffeinated beverages, Red Bull drinkers may experience adverse effects as a result of overuse caffeine intoxication.
Energy drinks are not sports drinks and have not been formulated to deliver re-hydration. Water should be consumed in addition to energy drinks during exercise.
A 2008 position statement issued by the National Federation of State High School Associations made the following recommendations about general energy drink consumption for young athletes:
- Water and appropriate sports drinks should be used for rehydration as outlined in the NFHS Document “Position Statement and Recommendations for Hydration to Minimize the Risk for Dehydration and Heat Illness”.
- Energy drinks should not be used for hydration.
- Information about the absence of benefit and the presence of potential risk associated with energy drinks should be widely shared among all individuals who interact with young athletes.
- Energy drinks should not be consumed by athletes who are dehydrated.
- Energy drinks should not be consumed, without prior medical approval, by athletes taking over the counter or prescription medications.
A review of the scientific literature on caffeine concluded that moderate caffeine intake (less than 400 mg per day) does not adversely affect cardiovascular health. A can of Red Bull, 250ml, contains 80 mg of caffeine which is less than a cup of coffee.
There has been at least one case report of Red Bull overdose causing postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome in a young athlete. A February 3, 2009 article in The Daily Telegraph called, "Red Bull 'may have triggered heart condition that killed student' " reported the death of a 21-year-old woman who died after drinking four cans of Red Bull as well as alcohol at "social levels". It was believed, but had not been proven, that she suffered from a rare heart condition called long QT Syndrome. She was on medication for epilepsy and had an abnormally large heart. A medical examination found that there were no illegal drugs in her system. The article quoted a doctor as saying, "The coroner recorded that the 21-year-old woman died of natural causes."
Impact on driving
Red Bull did not get market approval in France, Denmark, and Norway for several years, but the energy drink is now on sale in all 27 member states of the European Union and in 164 countries around the world.
The French approval process started with concerns about taurine, a normal body constituent and also naturally present in the human diet (e.g., scallops, fish, poultry). This meant the drink could not be sold as-is in France. Instead, a different recipe that did not contain the ingredient was introduced. The refusal of market approval was challenged by the European Commission and partially upheld by the European Court of Justice in 2004, before the French food safety agency relented in 2008 after being unable to prove definitively the existence of any health risk, taurine-related or not.
||It has been suggested that this section be split into a new article. (Discuss) Proposed since March 2013.|
Red Bull has a diverse international marketing campaign. The numerous activities range from extreme sports like mountain biking, BMX, motocross, windsurfing, snowboarding, skateboarding, kayaking, wakeboarding, cliff-diving, surfing, skating, freestyle motocross, rally, Formula 1 racing, and breakdancing to art shows, music, and video games. In keeping with their target market of young males, Red Bull has also enlisted help from celebrities, such as Eminem that would appeal to this group (sponsoring the Red Bull "EmSee Battle Rap championships"). It also hosts events like the "Red Bull Flugtag" (German for "flight day" or "flying day") and other such contests. Red Bull also owns association football teams, with clubs in Austria, Germany, the United States and Brazil featuring the Red Bull trademark in their names. By associating the drink's image with these activities, the company seeks to promote a "cool" public image and raise brand power. Hence, this one energy drink has helped create a market for over 150 related types of merchandise, like Red Rooster and Blue Lightning.
Red Bull's slogan "gives you wings" is widely used in these marketing activities. Claims about the drink's effects and performance have been challenged on various occasions, with the UK's Advertising Standards Authority imposing advertising restrictions in 2001 in response to complaints first recorded as early as 1997. In 2011, Red Bull earned around EUR 4.2 billion in worldwide sales and was available in 165 countries globally.
In the PlayStation 3's social gaming platform, PlayStation Home, Red Bull has developed its own in-game island, specifically advertising its energy drink and the Red Bull Air Race event (for which the space is named) released in January 2009. In late November 2009, Red Bull brought out two new spaces, the Red Bull Illume space, and the Red Bull Beach space featuring the Red Bull Flugtag, both released on the same day. In January 2012, Red Bull released its first personal space called the Red Bull House of Skate featuring an indoor skate park.
In the video game Worms 3D, Red Bull allows the worms to move more quickly. Red Bull is displayed on virtual track-side billboards during gameplay and in the opening cinematic in the video game Wipeout 2097.
- RB Leipzig – a football team currently playing in the German Regionalliga Nord
- New York Red Bulls (officially Red Bull New York) – a soccer franchise competing in the United States' Major League Soccer
- Infiniti Red Bull Racing – a Formula One team based in Milton Keynes, England, World Constructor's Championship winner of 2010, 2011 and 2012, and produced the car for the 2010, 2011 and 2012 F1 World Champion Sebastian Vettel.
- Scuderia Toro Rosso (Italian translation of Team Red Bull) – Another Formula One team based in Faenza, Italy.
- Team Red Bull – a racing team competing in the U.S.-based stock car racing competition NASCAR Red Bull Racing Team competed in NASCAR beginning in 2007. The team ceased operations after the Sprint Cup Series' 2011 season.
- FC Red Bull Salzburg – an Austrian football club based in Salzburg and competing in the Austrian Bundesliga
- EC Red Bull Salzburg – a member of the Austrian Hockey League based in Salzburg, Austria
- EHC Red Bull München – a member of the Deutsche Eishockey Liga based in Munich, Germany
- Red Bull Brasil – a football team currently playing in the Brazilian Campeonato Paulista Série A2 based in Campinas, Brazil
- Triple Eight Race Engineering – from 2013, Red Bull will sponsor one of the top V8 Supercar teams.
- Red Bull Racing Brasil, a Stock Car Brasil team, since 2007.
- Red Bull Ghana – a Ghanaian professional football club located in Sogakope that plays in the Poly Tank Division One League.
- StarTale – In 2012, Redbull began sponsoring this professional Starcraft 2 and Counter-Strike: Global Offensive team based in South Korea.
- D3W – In 2012, Redbull began sponsoring this professional studio and Marc Diwan co. based in Canada.
- Škoda Motorsport rally team
- KTM road and Dakar rally bikes
- Sauber F1 team from 1995
- SEAT Sport WTCC team
- Škoda Fabia S2000
- Volkswagen Passat DARPA Grand Challenge edition
- Volkswagen Polo R WRC
Skateboarder Ryan Sheckler is also sponsored by Red Bull.
It has also given a personal sponsorship to the professional Halo player Dave "Walshy" Walsh, and his team Final Boss for 2007-2008. Red Bull remains active in eSports, with endorsement of Korean team StarTale, and regularly posts updates of StarTale players "Life" and "Bomber" on their website.
- Red Bull Stratos
- Red Bull Cliff Diving
- Red Bull Rampage
- Red Bull Ragnaraok
- Red Bull Road Rage
- Red Bull Romaniacs Hard Enduro Rallye
- Red Bull Crashed Ice
- Red Bull X-Fighters
- Red Bull X-Alps
- Red Bull Air Race World Championship
- Red Bull Flugtag
- Red Bull Paperwings
- Red Bull LAN
- Red Bull sports events
- Red Bull Art of Motion
- Red Bull BC One
- Red Bull Cold Rush
- Red Bull MotoGP Rookie Cup
- Indianapolis motorcycle Grand Prix
- Red Bull Supernatural A "backcountry boarding competition designed to challenge, then crown the best all-around snowboarder on the planet."
- Red Bull Soapbox Race
- Red Bull Ring, a motorsport circuit in Spielberg, Styria, Austria.
- Red Bull Arena (Leipzig), home stadium of German football club RB Leipzig.
- Red Bull Arena (New Jersey), home stadium of American soccer club the New York Red Bulls.
- Red Bull Arena (Salzburg), home stadium of Austrian football club FC Red Bull Salzburg.
- Felix Baumgartner — stratospheric record parachute jump project
- List of energy drinks
- Vodka Red Bull
- Monster Energy
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- "Red Bull GmbH Company History". Funding Universe. Retrieved 2007-10-12.
- Ligaya, Armina (2010-05-12). "Region abuzz over energy drinks". The National. p. Business section, pp. 1, 6. Retrieved 2010-05-13.
- "The World's Billionaires". Forbes.com. 2008-02-11. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
- "The World's Billionaires". Forbes.com. 2008-02-11. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
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- "It's Your Health - Caffeine". Health Canada. 2011-10-07. Retrieved 2012-09-24.
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- "Red Bull caffeine beverage review". About.com. 2009-10-22. Retrieved 2012-05-29.
- "Nutrition Facts and Analysis for Energy drink, RED BULL, with added caffeine, niacin, pantothenic acid, vitamins B6 and B12". Condé Nast. Retrieved 2012-05-29.
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- Nawrot, P; Jordan, S; Eastwood, J; Rotstein, J; Hugenholtz, A; Feeley, M (2003). "Effects of caffeine on human health". Food additives and contaminants 20 (1): 1–30. doi:10.1080/0265203021000007840. PMID 12519715.
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- "Red Bull Caffeine Drink May Have Helped Cause Students Death". The Herald. 2 February 2009. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- "Red Bull 'may have triggered heart condition that killed student'". London: Telegraph. 2009-02-02. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Red Bull|
- Official website
- Thai Red Bull / Krating Daeng 
- Red Bull Energy Drink
- Red Bull's Total Marketing - slideshow by Der Spiegel